BSW Tax Blog

Federal and Louisiana Taxes

Category Archives: Louisiana State Sales Taxes

Louisiana Board of Tax Appeals Rules That Chemicals Qualify for Pollution Control Sales Tax Exclusion 

Louisiana Tax Deadlines Extended

COVID 19 Affects Upon All State and Local Taxes:

From March 13, 2020 until at least April 13, 2020, all deadlines under Title 47, Revenue and Taxation of the Louisiana Revised Statutes are suspended. The extension also applies to all legal deadlines, including liberative prescription and peremptive periods applicable to legal proceedings in all courts, administrative agencies, and boards. Proclamation No. JBE 2020-30, 03/16/2020.

The Louisiana Board of Tax Appeals has cancelled all hearings through March 26, 2020 without date and has closed its doors until March 30, though it will likely be amended to April 13, 2020.

State Taxes:

The Louisiana Department of Revenue (LDR) personnel are working remotely since all state offices were closed to public visitors on March 22, 2020 until April 13, 2020. JBE-2020-33. Taxpayers are encouraged to use their LaTAP accounts and LDR email hotlines for inquiries. www. E-Services are available at

Income Tax:

LDR has administratively and automatically extended the following deadlines for reporting and paying income taxes until July 15, 2020. LDR RIB 2020-009. No requests for extension are required.

Fiscal year filers with deadlines between March 1 and May 30, 2020 are automatically granted an extension of 60 days. Additional extensions may be granted upon request to extend the deadline to November 15, 2020 for individual, fiduciary, and partnership returns and to December 15, 2020 for corporate.

State Sales Taxes, and
Excise Tax

The March 20, 2020 deadline to report and pay February 2020 sales taxes and excise tax (wine shipped direct to consumer and beer) was extended to May 20, 2020. The extension will not incur penalty or interest and requests for extension are not required. LDR RIB 20-008.

State Refunds, Audits, Assessments, Collections and Litigation:

From March 16, 2020 until at least April 13, 2020, deadlines to respond to audit inquiries, assessments, or litigation discovery are suspended. LDR RIB 20-008. Not specifically mentioned is the deadline to claim a refund of a tax overpayment, which is also suspended by JBE- 2020-30. LDR advises that it will cease any collection activity, but interest and penalties will continue to accrue on those amounts.

Wage and Unemployment Tax

Louisiana Workforce Commission announced on March 19 and 24, 2020 that it administratively extended the first quarter reports and payment for unemployment and wage tax deadline to June 30, 2020.

Local Taxes:

Sales Taxes

All Parish February 2020 taxes are not due until at least April 13, 2020. JBE 2020-30. Because each Parish has its own collector, each one may administratively extend their own deadlines. Most Parishes allow sales tax account applications at and parish taxes may be reported and paid centrally through https://parishe-file.revenue.

Orleans Parish has extended deadlines to May 20, 2020 to report and pay taxes without penalty or interest for December 2019, January 2020, February 2020, and March 2020 taxes. This might include occupational license tax due January 1, 2020.

East Baton Rouge Parish Mayor-President Broome signed an executive order on March 17, 2020 that extends the March 20, 2020 and April 20, 2020 returns for 30 days. The new deadline to timely report and pay tax is April 20, 2020 for February taxes and May 20, 2020 for March taxes.

Property taxes

The April 1, 2020 deadline to file LAT-5 (business personal property renditions) and the annual report due by public service companies is extended until April 13,2020. JBE 2020-30.

The Louisiana Tax Commission has continued without date all hearings until at least April 13, 2020. It will however continue its work on change order requests, tax sale cancellations, and similar matters while its personnel work remotely. LTC Advisory 02-2020.





LDR disagrees with welding company: fuel is not excluded from sales tax, despite the written law saying as much.


The “sale or purchase by a person of any fuel or gas” has been excluded from sales taxes since July 1, 2008.  Nevertheless, LDR claims the written law is mistaken and takes the position that the spirit of the Act was only to exclude purchases of butane and propane.  The Department’s position is untenable; it is not free to ignore the letter of the law. The Louisiana Board of Tax Appeals is considering the matter for welding fuel purchases in Metals USA Plates & Shapes Southeast, Inc. v. Robinson (BTA 9342D) consolidated with O’Neal Steel Louisiana, LLC v. Robinson, (BTA 9250).

Consumers of fuel used anywhere but on the highway should consider making a refund claim for sales taxes paid as far back as January 2014.  Additionally, those consumers should consider making its next sales tax payments under protest followed by suit for refund.  Aviation or marine businesses in transit or shipping stand to benefit the most. The exclusion, however, was fully suspended and subject to the full 5 cents from April 1 to June 30, 2016 and is partially suspended and subject to 3 cents thereafter until June 30, 2018.

“Any one may so arrange his affairs that his taxes shall be as low as possible; he is not bound to choose that pattern which will best pay the Treasury; there is not even a patriotic duty to increase one’s taxes.” – Learned Hand

Louisiana Sales and Use Tax Consultation

Are You Over or Under Paying?

Louisiana derives 1/3 of its tax revenue from its 4% sales and use tax alone.  Estimates show that an equal amount of tax is avoided through 192 exemptions or exclusions to sales and use tax.  Since the combined state and local rate averages 10%, it is clear that the money involved in sales and use tax can be staggering.   Despite the significant amount of money involved, we find that many of our clients are unable to access sales and use tax expertise to gain affordable advice.  The result is either a surprise hefty tax bill or unclaimed refunds.  Our BSW SALT Team can help.


As a quick test, any business that cannot afford to waste money equal to 10% of expenses or 10% of sales, needs a consultation.  The need for a consultation exists with any business scheduled for a sales and use tax audit.

Businesses selling or leasing tangible personal property (think movable property) must collect the correct sales tax for the correct jurisdiction or else it can be made to pay its customer’s tax out of pocket as a penalty.  Conversely, the same business often enjoys exemptions and exclusions on its own purchases, such as those for raw materials, manufacturing equipment, and purchases for resale.

Business engaged in one of the seven taxable services or leasing movable property must also carefully watch its transactions with customers and venders.  These services can be complicated, but are generally summarized as: rooms for lodging, parking, cold storage, amusements, printing, repair to movables, and laundry.

Businesses selling immovable property, usually contractors, rarely collect any sales tax but must be hyper vigilant in paying sales and use taxes on its purchases to the correct jurisdiction.  Contractors with multi-parish jobsites operating from a centralized storage facility are a particular favorite of local tax auditors these days.

Any business in the following particular industries often receive significant benefit from a consultation:

  1. Healthcare
  2. Nonprofits
  3. Construction
  4. Fabrication
  5. Manufacturing or Farming
  6. Repair services
  7. Any entity with gross sales or expenses over $1M


A sales and use tax consultation will deliver training specific to your business based upon its historical transactions and provide peace of mind that your sales and use tax practices are up to snuff.  Some clients have sales personnel join in the consultation along with their payables clerk for greater accuracy in project cost and sales price estimates.

Through sampling methods and then drilling down to individual transactions, Mrs. Gould can identify audit risks, possible exemptions, overpayments, or reporting errors.  Mrs. Gould will provide recommendations at the conclusion of the consultation which may warrant a full reverse audit.  If you are entitled to a refund, you are free to handle it yourself or retain Mrs. Gould and our BSW SALT Team at an hourly or contingency fee for recovery.


The consultation fee is equal to 0.2% of your 3-year IRS Form 1040 gross sales average.  Mrs. Gould will review your basic financial statements, tax returns and the nature of your business before conducting an onsite visit to review specific transactions.  During the onsite visit, valuable sales and use tax training occurs as part of her transaction investigation with your payables clerk.  At the conclusion of the visit, Mrs. Gould will deliver a confidential written report identifying areas of reporting error and potential exemptions and overpayments that may generate a refund or future tax savings.  Every consultation has delivered bottom-line results that have surprised our clients.

La. Supreme Court Protects Taxpayers From Creeping Rental Taxes

“La. Supreme Court Protects Taxpayers From Creeping Rental Taxes”

Breazeale, Sachse & Wilson successfully defended its client, Pot –O-Gold, from the imposition of taxes on services offered in conjunction with the rental of tangible personal property. Pot-O-Gold Rentals, LLC v. City of Baton Rouge, 2014-CA-2154, (La.1/16,/15).

Pot-O-Gold leases various waste collection equipment, in this case, portable toilets and holding tanks. Pot-O-Gold also offers waste removal and equipment cleaning services, which are entirely optional for its rental customers.  For those options which are chosen, a separate charge for the service is made by Pot-O-Gold. Waste removal and cleaning services are not listed among the services subject to tax. La. R.S. 47:301(14).

Louisiana, and its parishes, levy sales tax upon the “gross proceeds” of rentals of tangible personal property. R.S. 47:302B.  The tax laws do not define the phrase “gross proceeds.” In this case the City of Baton Rouge interpreted it to include the amounts charged for the separately stated services and issued an assessment for additional taxes. Pot-O-Gold paid the taxes under protest and filed suit to recover the protested amounts.

The Firm filed a motion for summary judgment which was granted by the trial court. The court found that because the nontaxable services were independent and optional, they did not become part of the taxable “gross proceeds” simply because the services were rendered by the owner of the rental.

The City appealed and the First Circuit reversed with 2 judges dissenting. Pot-O-Gold Rentals, LLC v. City of Baton Rouge, 2013-1323 (La. App. 1 Cir. 9/17/14) (La. Ct. App. Sept. 17, 2014) writ granted, judgment rev’d sub nom. Pot-O-Gold Rentals, L.L.C. v. City of Baton Rouge, 2014-2154 (La. 1/16/15). The appellate court found that while the “true object” of the rental was the rental of the tangible personal property the  “Money collected for ordinarily nontaxable cleaning and sanitation services became taxable gross proceeds of the lease by virtue of the inexorably intertwined relationship between the services and the leased property.” The appellate court went on to state “ It is of no import whether the services were optional for lessees, whether the services could be purchased from another party, whether the services could be rejected, or whether the services could be purchased independently from the plaintiff by others.”

The Firm filed a writ application with the Supreme Court. The Court not only granted Pot-O-Gold’s writ application, but also simultaneously reversed the appellate court’s decision. In so doing, the Court adopted the dissenting judges’ reasoning that “that to hold that providing cleaning services for portable toilets is not a taxable event if the toilet is owned by someone else, but is a taxable service if the toilet is owned by the lessor, creates an absurd result.” The Court also found  “that the “true object” of the transactions is, in the least, debatable, requiring the court to adopt the interpretation urged by the applicant as the least onerous to the taxpayer.”

A rental company which collected taxes on separately stated, optional services may want to notify its customers as to possible refund opportunities.  A rental company currently collecting taxes on such services may want to reconsider its policy.

If you have questions about your sales tax liabilities or duty to collect, do not hesitate to call a member of our SALT Team.

Louisiana Tax Amnesty 2014

It’s back, and better than ever.  Louisiana will waive penalties and half of interest if you qualify for tax amnesty during October 15, 2014 through November 14, 2014.  This year even permits installment agreements.  You should consult your SALT advisor to be sure it is right for you.

More information was provided by LDR at RIB 14-017.


Taxpayer’s Right to Claim Refund Held Open By Collector’s Suit

Ordinarily, claims for additional taxes or for a refund of taxes paid prescribe within 3 years from the year in which the taxes were due. It is not uncommon, however, for tax collectors and taxpayers to agree, during the course of an audit, to suspend the running of prescription as to potential claims by both parties in order to give them additional time within which to resolve their differences. In a matter handled by our State and Local Tax (SALT) group, the Louisiana Board of Tax Appeals was called upon to review an agreement to suspend prescription and has now rendered a decision which may be of benefit to any taxpayer currently litigating its tax liability.

The taxpayer was audited for corporate income taxes for numerous years. During the audit, the parties executed several of the Department’s stock agreement to suspend the running of prescription. The first agreement was executed in the year the first audit period would have prescribed. Subsequent agreements would include the years included in the prior agreements and any year about to prescribe.

Under the terms of the agreement prescription was suspended as to the claims of both parties until December 31 of the year after the year of execution. The last agreement extended the period of suspension until December 31, 2008. In December of 2008, the Department filed suit against the taxpayer for additional taxes.

While preparing for trial, the taxpayer discovered that its gain on the sale of an asset had been overstated. Under Louisiana law this overpayment could not be raised as a defense in the Department’s suit against the taxpayer. Rather, the only way the overpayment could be recovered was by filing a refund claim. After the trial court’s decision (which abated the assessment) but before it became final, the taxpayer filed its claim with the Department.

The Department failed to act on the claim within a year of its filing, so the taxpayer filed suit at the BTA asking that the Department be ordered to refund the amount claimed. The Department filed an exception of prescription. It was the Department’s position that, under the terms of the agreement, the taxpayer’s claim had to be filed no later than December 31st of 2008. Since the claim wasn’t filed until 2012 it was, according to the Department, untimely. The BTA disagreed.

Ordinarily, the filing of suit by the Department against a taxpayer does not extend the time within which a claim for refund must be filed., The BTA found, however, that under the agreement, the taxpayer agreed to never plead prescription if suit was filed prior to December 31, 2008 and the Department agreed that the period of prescription for claiming a refund was “extended in accordance with the terms of the agreement.” The BTA ruled that what was good for the goose was good for the gander and since the filing of the Department’s suit had interrupted prescription as to its right to seek additional taxes, so too did it interrupt prescription as to the taxpayer’s refund claim.

One can expect the Department to try and effectively overrule this decision by rewriting the agreement to make it more one sided in the goose’s favor. Until then, a taxpayer who is defending a suit filed by a tax collector may have an unexpected opportunity for a refund.

If you have questions please contact one of our attorneys in the Breazeale, Sachse & Wilson, L.L.P. state and local tax controversy team.

Louisiana Tax Reform Proposal – Sales Tax Exemptions to be Eliminated





Tax   Exemption Budget #


Sales of telephone directories   by advertising companies


Catalogs distributed in La.



Rental or purchase of airplanes   or airplane equipment and parts b Louisiana-domiciled commuter airlines


Certain aircraft assembled in   La. With a capacity of 50 people or more


Antique airplanes held by   private collectors and not used for commercial purposes


Aircraft/   Automobiles

Trucks, automobiles, and new   aircraft removed from inventory for use as demonstrators



Admissions to museums


Sales of admission tickets by   Little Theater organizations


Rentals of motion-picture film   to commercial theaters


Sales of original one-of-a-kind   works of art sold in certain locations


Automobiles   Rented/ Owned

Adaptive driving equipment and   motor vehicle modification


New vehicles furnished b a   dealer for driver-education programs



Certain educational materials   and equipment and parts  by   Louisiana-domiciled commuter airlines


Purchases by regionally   accredited independent educational institutions


Purchases by a private   post-secondary academic degree-granting institution


General   Business

Purchases, services, and   rentals for construction of sewerage or wastewater treatment facility


Purchases of consumable by   paper and wood manufacturers and loggers


Purchases of school buses by   independent operators


Use tax on residue of   by-products consumed by the producer


Advertising services


Additional tax levy on   contracts entered into prior to and within 90 days of tax levy


Raw materials used in the   printing process


Sales of railroad ties to   railroads for use in other states


Purchase of certain water   conservation equipment for use in the Sparta Groundwater Conservation   District


Certain interchangeable   components; optional method to determine


Cash-basis sales tax reporting   and remitting for health and fitness club membership contracts


Collection from interstate and   foreign transportation dealers


General   Public

Installation charges on   tangible personal property


Annual La. sales tax holiday


Hurricane preparedness La.   sales tax holiday


Second Amendment sales tax   holiday



Purchases of storm shutter   devices


Used manufactured homes and 54%   of cost of new manufactured homes


Certain digital television and   digital radio conversion equipment


Cable television installation   and repair services


Extended time to register   mobile homes


Materials used in construction,   restoration, or renovation of housing in designated areas


Mardi   Gras

Specialty Mardi Gras items   sold  certain organizations


Specialty Mardi Gras items   purchased or sold by certain organizations


Non-Profit/   Religious

Sales and rentals to Boys State   of La., Inc. and Girls State of La., Inc.


Outside gate admissions and   parking fees at fairs, festivals, and expositions sponsored by nonprofit   organizations


Construction materials and   operating supplies for certain nonprofit retirement centers


Tickets to dance, drama, or   performing arts presentations b certain nonprofit organizations


Purchases b and sales by   certain nonprofit organizations dedicated to the conservation of fish and   migratory waterfowl


Sales of construction materials   to habitat for humanity


Purchases of construction   materials by Hands on New Orleans and Rebuilding Together New Orleans   Covenant partners


Purchases by the Fore!kids   Foundation


Purchases of construction   materials by the Make it Right Foundation


Sales tax collected by a qualified   charitable institutions


Room rentals at certain   homeless shelters


Qualifying events providing La.   heritage, culture, crafts, art, food and music sponsored by domestic   nonprofit organizations


Oil/   Gas

Lease or rental of certain   vessels in mineral production


Sales of gasohol


Installation of board roads to   oil-field operators


Property used in the   manufacture, production, or extraction of unblended diesel


Pollution control devices and   systems


Alternate substance used as a   fuel


Natural gas held, used, or   consumed  in providing natural gas   storage services or operating natural gas storage facilities


Sales of anthropogenic carbon   dioxide used in qualified tertiary recovery projects


Precious   Metals

Coin bullion with a value of   $1,000 or more


Racetracks/   Racehorses

Purchases by off-track wagering   facilities


Purchase b Pari-Mutuels   Racetracks


Racehorses claimed at races in   La.


Recreational   Vehicles/ Vessels

Boats, vessels, and other watercraft   as demonstrators


Purchase of off-road vehicles   by certain buyers domiciled in another state


Retail/   Sales

Purchases of certain custom   computer software


Receipts from coin-operated   washing and drying machines in commercial Laundromats


Purchases and sales b Ducks   Unlimited and Bass Life


Credit for costs to reprogram   cash registers


Sales through coin operated   vending machines


Seafood/   Fishing

Purchases of supplies, fuels,   and repair services for boats used by commercial fishermen



Sales of cellular telephone and   electronic accessories


Interstate telecommunications   services purchased by defined call centers


Telecommunications services   through coin-operated telephones


Miscellaneous telecommunication   services



Louisiana Tax Reform Proposal – Sales Tax Exemptions Maintained





Tax   Exemption Budget #


Sales   of raw agricultural products


Pharmaceuticals   administered to livestock for agricultural purposes


Sales   farm products direct from the farm


Farm   products produced and used by the farmers


Sales   of fertilizers and containers to farmers


Sales   of seeds for planting crops


Sale   of polyroll tubing


Automobile Dealers

Manufacturers   rebates on new motor vehicles


Manufactures   rebates paid directly to a dealer


Credit   for use tax paid on automobiles imported by certain members of the armed   services


Use   of vehicles in La. by active military personnel


Automobiles   Rented/ Owned

Vehicle   rentals for re-rent to warranty customers


Sales   of motor vehicles to be leased or rented by qualified lessors


Construction/   Repairs

Repair   services performed in La. when the repaired property is exported.


Other   constructions permanently attached to the ground



Sales   or purchases by blind persons operating small businesses


Purchases   by certain organizations that promote training for the blind


Purchase   of vehicles modified for use by an orthopedically disabled person



Materials   used in the production of harvesting of crawfish


Materials   used in the production or harvesting of catfish


Certain   seafood processing facilities


Fuel   Subject to Excise Tax

Sale   of gasoline, gasohol, and diesel


General Business

Work   product of certain professionals


Fees   paid by radio and television broadcasters for the rights to broadcast film,   video, and tapes


Vendor’s   compensation (Amended and Capped)


Sales   tax remitted on bad debts from credit sales


General Public

Sale   of newspapers


Purchase   of breastfeeding items


La.   Tax Free Shopping program


Purchases   made with WIC vouchers and food stamps


Credit   for sales and use taxes paid to other states on property imported into La.


Sale   of food for preparation and consumption in the home



Sales   by state-owned domed stadiums


Sales   by certain publicly-owned by certain publicly-owned facilities


Governmental   Purchases

Purchases   of equipment by bona fide volunteer and public fire department


Purchases   by state and local governments


Sales   to the United States Government and its agencies



Leases   or rentals of pallets used in packaging products produced by a manufacturer


Manufacturing Machinery and Equipment

Purchases   of manufacturing machinery and equipment.


Purchase   of certain machinery and equipment used to produce a new publication


First   $50,000 of new farm equipment used in poultry production


Purchases   by motor vehicle manufacturers


Purchases   by glass manufacturers


Purchases   of machinery and equipment by owners of certain radio stations


Purchases   of machinery and equipment by certain utilities



Purchases   and leases by free hospitals


Sales   of human-tissue transplants


Materials   used in collection of blood


Apheresis   kits and leuko reduction filters


Pharmaceutical   samples distributed in La.


Sickle   cell disease organization


Purchase,   lease or repair of certain capital equipment and computer software of   qualifying radiation therapy treatment centers


Medical/   Prescription Drugs

Purchases   and leases of durable medical equipment paid by or under provisions of   Medicare


Drugs   prescribed by physicians or dentists



Sales   of TPP by the Louisiana Military Department


Sales   by thrift shops on military installations



Donations   to certain schools and food banks from resale inventory


Sales   of food by certain institutions


Admissions   to entertainment by domestic nonprofit charitable, educational, and religious   organizations


Sales   of TPP at or admission to events sponsored by certain nonprofit groups


Sales   of newspapers by religious organizations


Sales   to nonprofit literacy organizations


Room   rentals at camp and retreat facilities owned by IRC 501(c)(3) organizations


Certain   educational materials and equipment used for class room instruction


Purchases   by nonprofit entities that sell donated goods


Sales   of food items by youth organizations


TPP   sold to food banks


Purchases   of food items for school lunch or breakfast programs by nonprofit elementary   or secondary schools


Admission   to athletic or entertainment events by elementary and secondary education   institutions and membership dues to certain nonprofit, civic


Admissions   to places of amusement at camp or retreat facilities



Donation   of toys


Tickets   to musical performance by nonprofit musical organizations, educational, and   religious organizations


Non-Residential Utilities

Purchase   of electric power and natural gas by paper or wood products manufacturing   facilities


Natural   gas used in the production of iron


Electricity   for clor-alkali manufacturing process


Pelletized   paper waste used in a permitted boiler


Purchases   by nonprofit electric cooperatives


Sales   of water- nonresidential


Sales   of electric power or energy – nonresidential


Sales   of natural gas – nonresidential


Materials   and energy sources used for boiler fuel


Utilities   used by steelworks and blast furnaces


Sales   of steam – nonresidential



Rental   of leases of certain oil-field property to be released or re-rented


Repairs,   renovations or conversions of drilling rigs


Certain   geophysical survey information and data analyses


Repairs   and materials used on drilling rigs and equipment


Helicopters   leased for use in the extraction, production, or exploration for oil, gas or   other minerals


Sales   or “cost price” of refinery gas



Feed   and feed additives for animals held for business purposes



Leases   or rentals of railroad rolling stock and lease or rentals by railway   companies and railroad corporations


Piggyback   trailers or containers and rolling stock


Rail   rolling stock sold or leased in La.


Residential   Utilities

Purchases   of fuel or gas by residential consumers


Purchases   of certain fuels for private residential consumption


Sales   of electric power of energy to the consumer for residential use


Sales   of natural gas to the consumer for residential use


Sales   of water to the consumer for residential use


Tangible Personal Property

Purchase   of TTP for lease or rental


Articles   traded in on TPP


Property   purchased for exclusive use outside the state


Transportation/ Large Vessels & Trucks

Certain   trucks and trailers used 80% in interstate commerce


Certain   contract carrier buses used 80% in interstate commerce


Sales   of 50-ton vessels and new component parts and sales of certain materials and   services to vessels operating in interstate commerce


Isolated   occasional sales of tangible personal property



Louisiana Tax Reform Proposal

Cassidy photoDavid Cassidy, Partner




2010 Low Res BW NFG PhotoCropped

Nicole Gould, Of Counsel

Louisiana Tax Alert

Tim Barfield , Executive Counsel to the Louisiana Department of Revenue, , provided a draft of Governor Jindal’s tax reform bill to the Louisiana House Ways and Means Committee on March 19, 2019.  The bill is scheduled to be introduced in the Legislative Session which opens April 8.The bill is already receiving opposition from parties ranging from various advocacy groups, local governments, business leagues, and religious leaders so it is unlikely that the bill will make it through in its present form, if it makes it all. (Indeed the opposition to the bill is so strong at this point that there is already talk about the Governor convening a special session to take up tax reform.)  We will update you as changes occur. The purpose of this bulletin is to alert you of the proposed tax changes so that you may anticipate how the bill may affect you and your business.    The proposed changes are to:

  1. Repeal individual income tax which represents a significant portion of the state’s revenue.
  2. Repeal the  corporate income and franchise tax.  This change is presently in HB 178, but the Administration’s version is coming.
  3. Increase the state sales and use tax rate from 4% to 5.88%.
  4. Broaden the state (but not the local) sales and use tax to include services which are not currently taxed., “Service” is defined as “all activities engaged in for other person, natural or juridical, for a fee, retainer, commission, or other monetary charge or consideration, which involve predominantly the performance of a service as distinguished from the selling of property.”
  5. Repeal certain sales and use tax exemptions.

To determine the impact of the Governor’s proposal you should consider every transaction you or your business enter into. If any transaction is not among the exempt transactions set out below then, you will be required to pay or collect and remit tax on those services and transactions.  Under the draft bill, a service is taxable even if that service was not the principal reason for you entering into a transaction.

Proposed Taxable Services:

All Services, unless specifically exempted, are taxable; however the administration has a “target” list of services to be taxed.



213113+ Support services for other   mining


Transit and ground passenger   transportation services
487 + 488 Scenic and sightseeing   transportation services and support activities for transportation
492 Couriers and messengers   services

Professional   Services

5412 Accounting, tax preparation,   bookkeeping, and payroll services
5413 Architectural, engineering, and   related services
5414 Specialized design services
541511 Custom computer programming   services
541512 Computer systems design   services
541513 Other computer related   services, including facilities management
54161 Management, scientific, and   technical consulting services
54162+9 Environmental and other   technical consulting services
5417 Scientific research and   development services
Advertising related services
54192 Photographic Services
54194 Veterinary services
54199 All other miscellaneous   professional, scientific, and technical services

Business   Services

5613 Employment services
5615 Travel arrangement and   reservation services
5611 Office administrative services
5612 Facilities support services
5614 Business support services
5616 Investigation and security   services
5617 Services to buildings and   dwellings
5619 Other support services
562 Waste management and   remediation services


5152 Cable and other subscription   services
518 Data processing-hosting ISP-web   search portals
519 Other information services

Financial   Services

52429 Insurance related support   services


7111 Performing arts
7113 Promotional services for   performing arts and sports and public figures
7115 Independent artists, writers,   and performers
712 Museum, heritage, zoo, and   recreational services

Personal   Services

8121 Personal care services
8129 Other personal services

Proposed Nontaxable Services:


(1)               Services already taxed will not be subject to the state’s 5.88% rate , but will instead to continue to be taxed at the old state rate, 4%, and local sales tax rate.  Therefore, the following are exempt from the additional tax under the proposal:

  1. Furnishing of hotel rooms,
  2. Sale of admissions to certain events,
  3. Furnishing parking facilities,
  4. Certain printing services,
  5. The furnishing of cleaning or storage services for clothes, furs, rugs, and the like,
  6. Furnishing of cold storage, and,
  7. Repairing tangible personal property:

(2)               Services performed by an employee for his employer are not taxable.

(3)               Services performed directly for the state, a political subdivision of the state, the United States government, or the agencies of the United States government are not taxable.

(4)               Purchases and resales of advertising time or space from media outlets.

(5)               The following services enumerated in the North American Industrial Classification System, 2007, as prepared by the Statistical Policy Division of the Office of Management and Budget, Office of the President shall be exempt from the tax levied and imposed by this Chapter:

(a)    Industry 23112 Support Activities for Oil and Gas Operations.

(b)   Sector 22 Utilities.

(c)    Sector 23 Construction.

(d)   Subsector 481 Air Transportation.

(e)    Subsector 482 Rail Transportation.

(f)    Subsector 483 Water Transportation.

(g)   Subsector 484 Truck Transportation.

(h)   Subsector 486 Pipeline Transportation.

(i)     Subsector 491 Postal Service.

(j)     Industry 51913 Internet Publishing and Broadcasting and Web Search Portals.

(k)   Sector 52 Finance and Insurance, except Industry Group 5242 Agencies, Brokerages and Other Insurance Related Activities.

(l)     Subsector 531 Real Estate, except Industry 53113 Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units and Industry 531130 Lessors of Miniwarehouses and Self-Storage Units.

(m) Industry Group 5411 Legal Services.

(n)   Sector 55 Management of Companies and Enterprises.

(o)   Sector 61 Educational Services.

(p)   Sector 62 Health Care and Social Assistance.

(q)   Industry Group 8122 Death Care Services.

(r)     Industry Group 8131 Religious Organizations.

(s)    Industry Group 8132 Grantmaking and Giving Services.

(t)     Industry Group 8133 Social Advocacy Organizations.

(u)   Industry Group 8134 Civic and Social Organizations.

(v)   Industry Group 8139 Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations.